Modalities of Treatment/Service Specifics
The science of positive psychology operates on three different levels – the subjective level, the individual level and the group level. The subjective level includes the study of positive experiences such as joy, well-being, satisfaction, contentment, happiness, optimism and flow..
Trauma Informed Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Those who suffer from addiction are often driven by destructive thought patterns. CBT encourages clients to question and examine recurring thoughts in order to phase out those that are negative and unhealthy.
Scientific studies have shown that CBT is an effective form of treatment for addiction, mental health conditions, and eating disorders.
Rapid Resolution Therapy
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) Skills
DBT teaches clients how to regulate their emotions to reduce the self-destructive behaviors that derive from extreme, intense emotions. An effective treatment for substance conditions, eating disorders, anger-related issues, self-injury, and Borderline Personality Disorder, DBT is easily customizable to address a variety of needs.
Primarily a skill-building approach, DBT focuses on the development of four key skill sets:
- Distress tolerance
- Emotion regulation
- Mindfulness (to live in the moment and fully experience emotions)
- Interpersonal effectiveness
Psychoeducation is health psychology combined with behavioral counseling and even psychotherapy. It is applied in a group setting that is specific to a diagnosis and is both structural and open-ended as may be therapeutically appropriate. The behavioral counseling component of psychoeducation deals with emotions, perceptions, coping, relaxation, and self-care, whereas the educational component imparts knowledge about the physical or psychological condition that is shared by the participants in the group.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
EMDR helps clients recover from traumatic experiences that result in symptoms and distress. Utilizing “dual stimulation” exercises to discuss past trauma while simultaneously engaging other parts of the brain through bilateral eye movements, tones, or taps, EMDR helps heal the brain’s information processing system and promotes emotional stability and symptom reduction.
EMDR’s benefits are so empirically effective that it is commonly used as treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other trauma conditions. In fact, several studies have shown that 77 percent of combat veterans and those struggling with other forms of trauma no longer exhibited and reported PTSD symptoms after 6 to 12, 50-minute EMDR therapy sessions. California’s Mental Research Institute has also found EMDR to be “an important addition to the treatment of substance abuse.”
Psychodrama, an experiential form of therapy, allows those in treatment to explore issues through action methods (dramatic actions). This approach incorporates role playing and group dynamics to help people gain greater perspective on emotional concerns, conflicts, or other areas of difficulty in a safe, trusted environment.
People seeking therapy may find psychodrama to be beneficial for the development of emotional well-being as well as cognitive and behavioral skills.
Interactive Journaling is a trademarked process that differs from traditional journaling in that it is structured and guides clients through the difficult process of making a positive life change.
Journaling in general or “expressive writing” has long been shown to be a valuable component of many effective learning strategies and can have beneficial psychological and physical health effects, but writing in a personal journal does not constitute interactive journaling.
There are dozens of specific interactive journals authored by a number of recognized experts in their fields. Some journals deal exclusively with addictions, others focus on additional mental health issues such as trauma, and there are also journals that may be appropriate for clients experiencing problems in both areas (i.e., co-occurring disorders).
The greatest benefit to interactive journaling is the opportunity to have a tangible, easily accessible resource to use for future reference.
Holistic healing seeks to maintain or restore balance among (and within) the various dimensions of the individual. Rather than focusing on a specific condition or even an illness, holistic healing addresses all parts of the individual and their life.
Holistic healing considers the whole person by including their mind, body, spirit, and heart in treatment considerations. As such, holistic healing can be used to describe many different types of interventions or practices, as long as they hold this perspective.
Another way of looking at it is that holistic healing or holistic medicine is the actions we take to promote holistic health.
Pharmacology is the science of drugs. The term comes from the Greek words pharmakos, which means 'medicine' or 'drug'; and logos, meaning 'study'. Pharmacological therapy, therefore, deals with the making and use of drugs, and especially the effects of them on the body.
This therapy type can involve the use of one or multiple medicines and is studied in universities by medical and biomedical students. Training in pharmacology usually divides the subject into sub-disciplines like molecular, cardiac, infectious, chemical, and others.
Mindfulness-Based Approaches and Skill Groups
Mindfulness-based programs are designed to train individuals to cultivate mindfulness and incorporate its practice into daily life.
There is more than one way to practice mindfulness, but the goal of any mindfulness technique is to achieve a state of alert, focused relaxation by deliberately paying attention to thoughts and sensations without judgment. This allows the mind to refocus on the present moment. All mindfulness techniques are a form of meditation.
- Basic mindfulness meditation – Sit quietly and focus on your natural breathing or on a word or “mantra” that you repeat silently. Allow thoughts to come and go without judgment and return to your focus on breath or mantra.
- Body sensations – Notice subtle body sensations such as an itch or tingling without judgment and let them pass. Notice each part of your body in succession from head to toe.
- Sensory – Notice sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and touches. Name them “sight,” “sound,” “smell,” “taste,” or “touch” without judgment and let them go.
- Emotions – Allow emotions to be present without judgment. Practice a steady and relaxed naming of emotions: “joy,” “anger,” “frustration.” Accept the presence of the emotions without judgment and let them go.
- Urge surfing – Cope with cravings (for addictive substances or behaviours) and allow them to pass. Notice how your body feels as the craving enters. Replace the wish for the craving to go away with the certain knowledge that it will subside.
Music therapy is a safe way for people in recovery to express, address and deal with their emotions, especially those emotions that are tied to their addiction.
This therapy is useful regardless of musical background, and examples of clinical music therapy include lyric analysis, relaxation training, songwriting, musical games, and improvising music based on emotions or other topics relevant to treatment. In these treatments, patients go beyond simply listening to music to engage emotions, motivations, and barriers to recovery through lyrics and melody.
Health promotion encourages the idea of well-being and in the process increase control over how we experience everyday life. It is therefore less about preventing disease than about helping us manage our life situation, whatever it may be, and reach our full potential.
Effective health promotion strikes a balance between personal choice and social responsibility, between people and their environments.
Health promotion pushes us beyond a disease-oriented “individual lifestyle is key” concept of good health. It focuses attention on things outside our individual selves—the social, economic and environmental factors that impact our attitudes, decisions and behaviours. These play out at every level of society, from the individual through family and community to a national and even global scale.
“Family therapy in substance abuse treatment can help by using the family’s strengths and resources to find ways for the person who abuses alcohol or drugs to live without substances of abuse and to ameliorate the impact of chemical dependency on both the patient and the family, according to SAMSHA. “Family therapy can help families become aware of their own needs and aid in the goal of keeping substance abuse from moving from one generation to another.”